Study on High-Temperature Glass Lens Molding Process Using FEM Simulation

Zhang Xiaobing*, 1, 2, Yin Shaohui1
1 College of Mechanical and Vehicle Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha, Hunan, P.R. China
2 Engineering Training Center, Hunan Institute of Engineer, Xiangtan, Hunan, P.R. China

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© 2015 Xiaobing and Shaohui;

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the College of Mechanical and Vehicle Engineering, Hunan University, Hunan, 410082, P.R. China; Tel: (+86)13107123396; E-mail:


The glass molding process (GMP) can press glass perform into a shape of finished lens under high pressure and temperature conditions, and it is easy to achieve mass production. So, it has emerged as a promising alternative way to produce complex shapes lens. It is well known that viscoelastic is one important properties of glass at high temperature. In this study, A 4-pair generalized maxwell model was used to express viscoelastic of glass, and model parameters were obtained by fitting the relaxation curve obtained from experiment. The finite element models were established by MSC.MARC, the correctness of the FEM models and its used model parameters were verified by the cylindrical compression experiments. Finally, the simulations of glass lens forming stage were performed under different conditions. Stresses distribution were predicted by FEM, it was found that the maximum stress at the edge of lens, which make lens rupture easily at this zone. It was also discovered that the molding temperature is higher, the less stress, and the molding velocity is higher, the higher stress.

Keywords: FEM simulation , generalized Maxwell model, glass molding press (GMP), viscoelastic.