Changes on Texture and Crystalline Phase of Activated Carbon-Supported Ni-Ca Catalyst During Dry Methane Reforming
Juan Matos*, 1, Maibelin Rosales1, Gema González1, Caribay Urbina de Navarro2
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2010
First Page: 125
Last Page: 132
Publisher Id: TOMSJ-4-125
Article History:Received Date: 28/9/2010
Revision Received Date: 5/11/2010
Acceptance Date: 5/11/2010
Electronic publication date: 13/12/2010
Collection year: 2010
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Changes on texture and crystalline phase of AC-supported Ni-Ca catalyst during dry methane reforming were verified. Characterization by N2 adsorption, XPS, XRD, TEM and HR-TEM was performed. XPS and XRD analysis suggest that the initial activity can be attributed to a nickel reduced phase formed during helium pre-treatment. TEM showed that a homogeneous distribution of Ni nanoparticles between 10-20nm at the tip of multi-walled carbon nanotubes is formed during reaction. HR-TEM showed diffusion of Ni nanoparticles and the formation of carbon-like nano onions with an interlayer separation of 0.5nm suggesting the formation of a ultra-microporous carbon structure. An increase in surface area from 231m2.g-1 to 2405m2.g-1 after 90min reaction was found and attributed to an in situ activation of carbon deposits by CO2 gasification. The present results suggest that introducing CO2 pulses during reaction carbon-supported Ni-Ca could be employed as potential catalysts for methane and other hydrocarbon reforming reactions at mild experimental conditions.