RESEARCH ARTICLE


Novel Approach to The Design of Sound Insulating Composites by Means of a Non-linearly Extrapolated Master Curve



Cecchini Federico, Cherubini Valeria, Francesco Fabbrocino*, Francesca Nanni
Pegaso University, piazza trento e trieste - Napoli, Italy


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© 2018 vibroacoustics et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address for correspondence to this auther at the Pegaso University, piazza trento e trieste, Napoli, Italy, Tel: +081191383; E-mail: FRANCESCO.FABBROCINO@UNIPEGASO.IT


Abstract

Background:

The increasing use of composite structures with a high stiffness-to-weight ratio in commercial vehicles has brought about a reduction in fuel consumption but, on the other hand, has significantly increased noise transmission particularly in case of thin and lightweight structures. Noise is a primary issue for commercial vehicles, such as airplanes, helicopters and cars. The present research deals with the use of smart materials, as Shear-Thickening Fluids (STF, or dilatants) in view of manufacturing elements with increased sound insulation properties.

Methods:

The response of a sandwich material with the STF core was investigated both experimentally and numerically, by choosing the Sound Transmission Loss (STL) of the composite structure as the figure of merit.

The experimental investigation was focused on the manufacturing of a sandwich structure made of metallic skins and a STF core that was successively characterized by sound insertion loss measurement.

The numerical investigation was carried out by using a Generalized Transfer Matrix Method (GTMM) and a Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA) in view of selecting the fluid capable of granting the highest acoustic transmission loss.

Results:

Finally, the test results were compared to the numerical results, showing a noticeable agreement. The used STF showed increasing viscosity at increasing shear rates.

Keywords: Vibroacoustics, SEA, Rheology, Non newtonian fluids, Nanocomposites, Master curve.